Neuromuscular orthodontics focuses on how the chewing system works together with regard to orthodontic planning. Looking beyond teeth, skeletal structures and the jaws, neuromuscular orthodontics includes the airway, joints and the muscles that operate the jaw.
When these all work in harmony, dental patients enjoy a comfortable bite and a straight smile. Straight teeth are just a small part of the overall goal. Primary (baby) teeth are not extracted to alleviate crowding. Rather, jaws are developed to accommodate the teeth. Permanent teeth are not extracted to alleviate crowding. Instead, space is made for the teeth. (Wisdom teeth are a separate, unrelated issue.)
Treatment to accommodate the teeth helps keep the airway from being compromised.